The co-current stratified flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit by Michael E. Charles

Cover of: The co-current stratified flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit | Michael E. Charles

Published by University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alta .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Oil field flooding,
  • Electromechanical analogies,
  • Hydraulic conduits,
  • Immiscible fluids displacement ?UNAUTHORIZED

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby M.E. Charles
ContributionsAlberta Research Council
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 275 p. :
Number of Pages275
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL26631507M
OCLC/WorldCa65897083

Download The co-current stratified flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit

Co‐current stratified laminar flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit Charles, M. ; Lilleleht, L. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Volume 43 (3) – Jun 1, Co‐current stratified flow of immiscible liquids: Velocity distribution and pressure gradient in the laminar‐laminar and laminar‐turbulent regimes Chester C‐C Wang Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A4Cited by: 7.

Charles ME, Lilleleht LU () Co-current stratified laminar flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit. Can J Chem Eng – CrossRef Google Scholar Author: Dennis A. Siginer, Dennis A. Siginer. Consider the stratified flow of two immiscible fluids, a and b, in horizontal or slightly inclined conduit.

The flow configuration and coordinates are illustrated, as shown in Fig. Clearly the lighter fluid forms the upper by: Two-component stratified flow in a horizontal rectangular duct has been investigated experimentally. The working fluids were a transparent white mineral oil and water, the viscosity ratio being.

Charles ME, Lilleleht LU () Co-current stratified laminar flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit. Can J Chem Eng – Blais P, Carlssen DJ, Surunchuk T, Wiles DM () Bicomponent composites: preparation from incompatible polymers by corona treatment. Russell, T.W.F.

and Charles, M.E. The Effect of the Less Viscous Liquid in the Laminar Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids. Canadian Journal Chemical Engineering 18– CrossRef Google Scholar.

The stratified configuration is one of the basic and most important distributions during two phase flow through horizontal pipes. A number of studies have been carried out to understand gas-liquid. A brief review is given on the stability of two-fluid systems.

Our interest is primarily driven by drag reduction using superhydrophobic surfaces (SHS) or liquid-infused surfaces (LIS) where the longevity and performance strongly depends on the flow stability.

Charles and L. Lilleleht, “ Co-current stratified laminar flow of two immiscible liquids in a rectangular conduit,” Can. Chem. Eng. 43, ().Google Scholar Crossref, CAS.

Examples of solid-liquid flow include flow of corpuscles in the plasma, flow of mud, flow of liquid with suspended solids such as slurries, motion of liquid in aquifers. The flow of two immiscible liquids like oil and water, which is very important in oil recovery processes, is an example of liquid-liquid flow.

The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, published by Wiley on behalf of The Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering, is the forum for publication of high quality original research articles, new theoretical interpretation or experimental findings and critical reviews in the science or industrial practice of chemical and biochemical processes.

A new experiment is presented to investigate interfacial instability between two immiscible liquids with different viscosity. and M. McCready, “ Linear stability of stratified channel flow,” Int. Multiphase F (). Google Two layered co-current flow in a rectangular.

A solution to the momentum and continuity equations in stratified and annular two-phase laminar flow is presented for the cases of parallel plates, ro. flow can have a free surface but not be an open-channel flow.

Closed-conduit flows that consist of two immiscible fluid phases of differing density in contact with each other along some bounding surface are not open-channel flows, because they are nowhere in contact with open space, but they do have a freely deformable boundary within them.

USA USA USA USA US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A Authority US United States Prior art keywords liquid plate phase stages stage Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

This book is based on recognizing the value of systematic scaling analysis as a pedagogical method for teaching transport and reaction processes and as a research tool for developing and solving models and in designing experiments.

3.P Pressure-Driven Flow in an Oscillating Tube. 3.P Countercurrent Liquid-Gas Flow in a Cylindrical. liquid gas device Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Active, expires Application number US10/, Other versions USA1 (en Inventor Ward E.

Introduction [2] Immiscible two‐phase flows in fractured media are encountered in many engineering processes such as recovery of oil and gas, exploitation of geothermal energy, and contamination of groundwater by immiscible chemicals. Fluid flow in fractured media is very complex.

The highly permeable pathways formed by fracture networks often dominate fluid flow. Experiments of gas–liquid flow in a circular pipe for horizontal and inclined positions (upward/downward) are reported. The characteristics of two-phase flow in terms of liquid holdup (ε(L)) and induced flow patterns are studied using three experimental techniques; time-averaged ε(L) from permittivity profiles using electrical capacitance tomography (ECT), instantaneous ε(L) using.

/S(96) /S(96) Turbulent gas-liquid stratified flow in near horizontal, straight ducts with a regular two dimensional wavy deformation of the has been studied.

In this flow regime strong mean secondary currents are observed. By applying the Generalized Lagrangian Mean Theory of Andrews and Mclntyre (a) it. Stratified flow: The liquid flowing in the bottom of the tube is separated from the vapor in the top of the horizontal tube by a smooth surface at the low flow rates and higher qualities.

() identified flow regimes of co-current air-water two-phase flow in vertic al triangular channels with hydraulic diameters of, and Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

in a Cylindrical Tube 3.P Stratified Flow of Two Immiscible Liquid Layers 3.P Laminar Cylindrical Jet Flow 3.P Free Surface Flow down a Plane with Condensation 3.P Free Surface Flow over a Horizontal Filter 3.P Curtain-Coating Flow 3.

Two liquids that do not mix to an appreciable extent are called immiscible. Layers are formed when we pour immiscible liquids into the same container.

Gasoline, oil (Figure 7), benzene, carbon tetrachloride, some paints, and many other nonpolar liquids are immiscible with water. The attraction between the molecules of such nonpolar liquids and. In this equation, h is the height of the liquid inside the capillary tube relative to the surface of the liquid outside the tube, T is the surface tension of the liquid, θ is the contact angle between the liquid and the tube, r is the radius of the tube, ρ is the density of the liquid, and g is the acceleration due to gravity, m/s the tube is made of a material to which the liquid.

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software. An illustration of two photographs. Images. An illustration of a heart shape Donate. An illustration of text ellipses.

3.P Stratified Flow of Two Immiscible Liquid Layers. 3.P Laminar Cylindrical Jet Flow. 3.P Free Surface Flow down a Plane with Condensation. 3.P Free Surface Flow over a Horizontal Filter. 3.P Curtain-Coating Flow. 3.P Flow in a Semi-Infinite Porous Media Bounded by a Flat Plate.

3.P Porous Media Flow between Parallel Flat Price: $ Flow Measurements. 41 Closed Conduit Flow Measurement 41 Flow from Pipes Discharging to the Atmosphere 53 Open Channel Flow Measurements 57 Miscellaneous Flow Measurement Methods.

81 Secondary Devices 88 References 4. 10 Open Channel Flow The speci c gravity (SG) of a solid or liquid is the ratio of its density to that of water at the same temperature.

A Newtonian Consider a rectangular block with dimensions mm mm 25mm, of mass 10kg, resting on a surface (Figure ). The pressure acting over the area of contact can be found. neck of the separatory funnel or test tube containing the two immiscible liquids. Watch it carefully: if it remains in the upper layer, that layer is the aqueous layer.

If it sinks to the bottom of the upper layer, the bottom layer is the water layer. The test can also be carried out using a drop of the organic solvent. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker.

Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software. An illustration of two photographs. Images. An illustration of a heart shape Donate. An illustration of text ellipses. In a similar study of core-annular flow through a pipe, Selvam et al. () showed that in the range flow with a thin mixed layer is stable at any Reynolds number, in sharp contrast to the immiscible case.

In this range, the behavior is consistent with the pipe flow of a single fluid. An unknown immiscible liquid seeps into the bottom of an open oil tank. Some measurements indicate that the depth of the unknown liquid is m and the depth of the oil (specific weight ϭ kN/m3 2 floating on top is m.

A pressure gage connected to the bottom of the tank reads 65 kPa. What is the specific gravity of the unknown liquid. Example: Two immiscible, incompressible, viscous fluids having the same densities but different viscosities are contained between two infinite, horizontal, parallel plates as shown in.

the figure below. The bottom plate is fixed, and the upper plate moves with a constant velocity U. Find the velocity at the interface. Express your answer in terms of U, μ 1, and μ 2. Properties of Liquids •Surface Tension –a quantitative measure of the elastic force at the surface of a liquid •Manifestations –Formation of a mensicus –Capillary action which results from a combination of •Cohesion (attractions between like molecules, cohesive forces) •Adhesion (attractions between unlike molecules, adhesive.

The mass flux is usually used in a gas flow and the discharge in a liquid flow. They are defined by. where Vis the average velocity at a section of the flow. Problem Water flows into a volume that contains a sponge with a flow rate of m3/s. It exits the volume through two tubes, one 2 cm in diameter, and the other with a mass flux.

Cambridge Core - Thermal-Fluids Engineering - Two-Phase Flow, Boiling, and Condensation - by S. Mostafa Ghiaasiaan. Many new problems have been added at the end of each chapter to enhance the book's use as a text in advanced courses on two-phase flow and heat transfer.

The book is written primarily for design and development engineers in the chemical process, power generation, and refrigeration industries, and is meant to be an aid in the design of heat. Transitional and Turbulent Flow in a Bed of Spheres as Measured with Stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry.

A review of solid–fluid selection options for optical-based measurements in single-phase liquid, two-phase liquid–liquid and multiphase solid–liquid flows. Experiments in Fluids, Aug Stuart F.

Wright. Unlike single-phase flow systems, the heat transfer coefficient for a two-phase mixture depends on the flow regime, thermodynamic and transport properties of both vapor and liquid, roughness of heating surface, wetting characteristics of the surface/liquid pair, orientation of the heat transfer surface, and other parameters.

Therefore, it is. In fluid mechanics, multiphase flow is the simultaneous flow of materials with two or more thermodynamic phases. Virtually all processing technologies from cavitating pumps and turbines to paper-making and the construction of plastics involve some form of multiphase flow.

It is also prevalent in many natural phenomena. These phases may consist of one chemical component (e.g. flow of water .Annular Flow Measured with Strip Electrode Stratified Flow Measured with Strip Electrode et al.

() provide an extensive review of electrical property measurements in emulsions. An emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible fluids, where one is dispersed in the other. 0 0 Volume fraction of conduit contents free.two immiscible liquids in which a solute has more affinity for one over the other.

Acid-Base extraction. Same as liquid-liquid, but converts acids and bases to corresponding salts to facilitate separation. Liquid-solid extraction.

pulls one or more compounds out of a solid mixture into a solvent.

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